The continued practice of yoga will lead you to a sense of peace and well-being, and also a feeling of being at one with their environment. Enclose the word in “” for an EXACT match e.g. To facilitate understanding the names of poses in yoga is most helpful to gain an understanding of what the root words are that forms the construct of each. All words … Here is the full list with … Share your favorites on social media with #YJ40. darshana, Duhkha (“bad axle space”): suffering, a fundamental fact of life, caused by ignorance (avidya) of our true nature (i.e., the Self or atman), Gayatri-mantra: a famous Vedic mantra recited particularly at sunrise: tat savitur varenyam bhargo devasya dhimahi dhiyo yo nah pracodayat, Gheranda-Samhita (“[Sage] Gheranda’s Compendium”): one of three major manuals of classical hatha yoga, composed in the seventeenth century; cf. The word Sanskrit, in Sanskrit, is spelled Saṁskṛta, and means "refined" or "well made." If you’re new to yoga (or even if you’re not), you may have heard words in class that you don’t recognise. Devanagari, Roman transliteration (IAST with diacritical marks and simplified Sanskrit). Abhasavada: Doctrine holding that all creation is reflection of the Supreme Reality. vidya, Ayurveda, Ayur-veda (“life science”): one of India’s traditional systems of medicine, the other being South India’s Siddha medicine, Bandha (“bond/bondage”): the fact that human beings are typically bound by ignorance (avidya), which causes them to lead a life governed by karmic habit rather than inner freedom generated through wisdom (vidya, jnana), Bhagavad Gita (“Lord’s Song”): the oldest full-fledged yoga book found embedded in the Mahabharata and containing the teachings on karma yoga (the path of self-transcending action), samkhya yoga (the path of discerning the principles of existence correctly), and bhakti yoga (the path of devotion), as given by the God-man Krishna to Prince Arjuna on the battlefield 3,500 years or more ago, Bhagavata-Purana (“Ancient [Tradition] of the Bhagavatas”): a voluminous tenth-century scripture held sacred by the devotees of the Divine in the form of Vishnu, especially in his incarnate form as Krishna; also called Shrimad-Bhagavata, Bhakta (“devotee”): a disciple practicing bhakti yoga, Bhakti (“devotion/love”): the love of the bhakta toward the Divine or the guru as a manifestation of the Divine; also the love of the Divine toward the devotee, Bhakti-Sutra (“Aphorisms on Devotion”): an aphoristic work on devotional yoga authored by Sage Narada; another text by the same title is ascribed to Sage Shandilya, Bhakti Yoga (“Yoga of devotion”): a major branch of the yoga tradition, utilizing the feeling capacity to connect with the ultimate Reality conceived as a supreme Person (uttama-purusha), Read Chakra Healing: A Beginner’s Guide to Self-Healing Techniques that Balance the Chakras, Bindu (“seed/point”): the creative potency of anything where all energies are focused; the dot (also called tilaka) worn on the forehead as indicative of the third eye, Bodhi (“enlightenment”): the state of the awakened master, or buddha, Bodhisattva (“enlightenment being”): in Mahayana Buddhist yoga, the individual who, motivated by compassion (karuna), is committed to achieving enlightenment for the sake of all other beings, Brahma (“he who has grown expansive”): the Creator of the universe, the first principle (tattva) to emerge out of the ultimate Reality (brahman), Brahmacharya (from brahma and acarya “brahmic conduct”): the discipline of chastity, which produces ojas, Brahman (“that which has grown expansive”): the ultimate Reality (cf. Z Zen through Japanese 禅 and Chinese 禪 Chán ultimately from Pali झन jhāna and Sanskrit ध्यान dhyana, which means "a meditation". Otherwise, it can seem like a bunch of giberish that you may or may not start to recognize in class. But in order to understand yoga, you must study its root language. Gift a membership and save 20% → Yoga is a Sanskrit word derived from the Sanskrit root "yuj" which means to connect, join or balance. ॐ Aum (Om) — God, the sound of the universe. The word ‘Yoga’ is derived from the Sanskrit root ‘Yuj’, meaning ‘to join’ or ‘to yoke’ or ‘to unite’. Baba — Father/ holy father; affectionate name for a spiritual teacher.. Darshan — … Some of the words does not have any direct translation in English or does not have any English word associated to it. brahman, Avadhuta (“he who has shed [everything]”): a radical type of renouncer (samnyasin) who often engages in unconventional behavior, Avidya (“ignorance”): the root cause of suffering (duhkha); also called ajnana; cf. You’ll also hear instructors offer– “you can take a bind here” where you connect parts of your body around another part– often your arms around a leg or around your back, supta means on your back– you’ll hear the word supine poses which means poses on your back– as in supta baddha konasana reclining bound angle pose, uttan means bending forward as in uttanasana or forward fold, utthita means extended like utthita parsvakonasana or extended side angle, parsva means side like parsva bakasana or side crane 21,770 Views 30 Beautiful Sanskrit Words. It’s very spiritual! Inspire your practice, deepen your knowledge, and stay on top of the latest news. ), Shodhana (“cleansing/purification”): a fundamental aspect of all yogic paths; a category of purification practices in hatha yoga, Shraddha (“faith”): an essential disposition on the yogic path, which must be distinguished from mere belief, Shuddhi (“purification/purity”): the state of purity; a synonym of shodhana, Siddha (“accomplished”): an adept, often of Tantra; if fully Self-realized, the designation maha-siddha or “great adept” is often used, Siddha-Yoga (“Yoga of the adepts”): a designation applied especially to the yoga of Kashmiri Shaivism, as taught by Swami Muktananda (twentieth century), Siddhi (“accomplishment/perfection”): spiritual perfection, the attainment of flawless identity with the ultimate Reality (atman or brahman); paranormal ability, of which the yoga tradition knows many kinds, Spanda (“vibration”): a key concept of Kashmir’s Shaivism according to which the ultimate Reality itself “quivers,” that is, is inherently creative rather than static (as conceived in Advaita Vedanta), Sushumna-nadi (“very gracious channel”): the central prana current or arc in or along which the serpent power (kundalini-shakti) must ascend toward the psychoenergetic center (cakra) at the crown of the head in order to attain liberation (moksha), Sutra (“thread”): an aphoristic statement; a work consisting of aphoristic statements, such as Patanjali’s Yoga Sutra or Vasugupta’s Shiva-Sutra, Svadhyaya (“one’s own going into”): study, an important aspect of the yogic path, listed among the practices of self-restraint (niyama) in >Patanjali’s eightfold yoga; the recitation of mantras (see also japa), Tantra (“Loom”): a type of Sanskrit work containing Tantric teachings; the tradition of Tantrism, which focuses on the shakti side of spiritual life and which originated in the early post-Christian era and achieved its classical features around 1000 C.E. atman, purusha), Brahmana: a brahmin, a member of the highest social class of traditional Indian society; also an early type of ritual text explicating the rituals and mythology of the four Vedas; cf. Glossary of Sanskrit terms. Aranyaka, Upanishad, Veda. There You Have It! See also In most cases, a good yoga teacher will incorporate plenty of non-Sanskrit instructions, as well as the words’ English-language translations, as you go through the class. You have now your introduction to Sanskrit and are ready for your next yoga class! *, Any one of these could go with virabhadrasana or warrior pose, anga means limb in terms of your body parts and the 8 limbs of yoga, bitilasana means cow pose gomukhasana means cow face pose, (Eka Pada) Rajakapotasana means (one foot) pigeon pose, ananda means bliss or happiness– as in happy baby: ananda balasana, moksha means freedom from the cycle of rebirth– on to a state of bliss, shanti means peace and is often chanted at the end of a yoga class, atman means soul/self— your individual essence, prana means life force of life energy and pranayama is breath work– moving the life force through your body, ayurveda is the  science of life it’s basically like Hindu health care, shala is the yoga studio or yoga space it translates as home or abode, drishti means the gaze, view, or sight– it’s where you look during your pose and there are 9 different drishti points, chakra actually means wheel or circle and refers to 7 energy centers, starting with the root chakra, dharma means righteousness and also refers to doing the main thing you feel drawn to do– a rooster’s dharma is to crow, karma is the force created by the actions you take, black or white (similar to good and bad, but not quite the same), guru translates as dark light and means teacher– the one who guides you from the dark to the light, mudra means seal and is usually in reference to ways to hold your fingers to make meaningful shapes– like yoga for the hands, mantra is a sacred message and can come in the form of a syllable or phrase. ), Samnyasa (“casting off”): the state of renunciation, which is the fourth and final stage of life (see ashrama) and consisting primarily in an inner turning away from what is understood to be finite and secondarily in an external letting go of finite things; cf. brahman–derived from the Sanskrit root brmh meaning to grow, to expand, to bellow, to roar. The meaning of the word Yoga is “union”. One can try and use these words on a daily basis. … granthi, Matsyendra (“Lord of Fish”): an early Tantric master who founded the Yogini-Kaula school and is remembered as a teacher of Goraksha, Maya (“she who measures”): the deluding or illusive power of the world; illusion by which the world is seen as separate from the ultimate singular Reality (atman), Moksha (“release”): the condition of freedom from ignorance (avidya) and the binding effect of karma; also called mukti, kaivalya, Mudra (“seal”): a hand gesture (such as cin-mudra) or whole-body gesture (such as viparita-karani-mudra); also a designation of the feminine partner in the Tantric sexual ritual, Nada (“sound”): the inner sound, as it can be heard through the practice of nada yoga or kundalini yoga, Nada-Yoga (“Yoga of the [inner] sound”): the yoga or process of producing and intently listening to the inner sound as a means of concentration and ecstatic self-transcendence, Nadi (“conduit”): one of 72,000 or more subtle channels along or through which the life force (prana) circulates, of which the three most important ones are the ida-nadi, pingala-nadi, and sushumna-nadi, Nadi-shodhana (“channel cleansing”): the practice of purifying the conduits, especially by means of breath control (pranayama), Narada: a great sage associated with music, who taught bhakti yoga and is attributed with the authorship of one of two Bhakti-Sutras, Natha (“lord”): appellation of many North Indian masters of yoga, in particular adepts of the Kanphata (“Split-ear”) school allegedly founded by Goraksha, Neti-neti (“not thus, not thus”): an Upanishadic expression meant to convey that the ultimate Reality is neither this nor that, that is, is beyond all description, Nirodha (“restriction”): in Patanjali’s eight-limbed yoga, the very basis of the process of concentration, meditation, and ecstasy; in the first instance, the restriction of the “whirls of the mind” (citta-vritti), Niyama (“[self-]restraint”): the second limb of Patanjali’s eightfold path, which consists of purity (saucha), contentment (samtosha), austerity (tapas), study (svadhyaya), and dedication to the Lord (ishvara-pranidhana), Nyasa (“placing”): the Tantric practice of infusing various body parts with life force (prana) by touching or thinking of the respective physical area, Ojas (“vitality”): the subtle energy produced through practice, especially the discipline of chastity (brahmacharya), Om: the original mantra symbolizing the ultimate Reality, which is prefixed to many mantric utterances, Parama-atman or paramatman (“supreme self”): the transcendental Self, which is singular, as opposed to the individuated self (jiva-atman) that exists in countless numbers in the form of living beings, Parama-hamsa, paramahansa (“supreme swan”): an honorific title given to great adepts, such as Ramakrishna and Yogananda, See alsoWhy Paramahansa Yogananda Was a Man Before His Time. I try to bring that feeling to my blog and shop.  I’m a trained yoga instructor, reiki practitioner, and wellness coach.  Work with me! Sanskrit words in yoga. Iyengar Dancing the Body of Light, the Future of Yoga by Dona Holleman. Please note that we independently source all of the products that we feature on yogajournal.com. Patanjali: compiler of the Yoga Sutra, who lived c. 150 C.E. Yoga for me is more than asanas and fitness, I also love meditation, pranayama, and the principles behind yoga. I’m a yogi and an enthusiast, but I am certainly not a doctor.  Please do not take these posts as medical advice.  If you have questions about your health, please seek professional advice.  Love and light! The word is used as an epithet applied to God, gods, or any holy or venerable personality. More than 2100 Sanskrit Verbal Roots, an easy reference and a powerful tool for learning Sanskrit and for translation. Aranyaka, Brahmana, Veda, Upaya (“means”): in Buddhist yoga, the practice of compassion (karuna); cf. Copyright 1999 by Georg Feuerstein, Acarya (sometimes spelled Acharya in English): a preceptor, instructor; cf. Namaste! puraka, recaka, Kundalini-shakti (“coiled power”): according to Tantra and hatha yoga, the serpent power or spiritual energy, which exists in potential form at the lowest psycho-energetic center of the body (i.e., the mula-adhara-cakra) and which must be awakened and guided to the center at the crown (i.e., the sahasrara-cakra) for full enlightenment to occur, Kundalini-Yoga: the yogic path focusing on the kundalini process as a means of liberation, Laya Yoga (“Yoga of dissolution”): an advanced form or process of Tantric yoga by which the energies associated with the various psycho-energetic centers (cakra) of the subtle body are gradually dissolved through the ascent of the serpent power (kundalini-shakti), Linga (“mark”): the phallus as a principle of creativity; a symbol of God Shiva; cf. bhakti–love, devotion. Moksha is freedom from all bondage; freedom … The word ‘yoga’ is derived from two samskrit roots. Start studying Yoga Sanskrit Root. Yantra is the Sanskrit word for a mystical diagram, particularly diagrams from the Tantric traditions of the Indian religions. … Learn how your comment data is processed. It's also not referring to the union of mind and body, although, this is commonly repeated within the yoga community. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Aum - Like the Latin word 'Omne', the Sanskrit word 'Aum' means 'all' and conveys concepts of 'Omniscience', 'Omnipresence' and 'Omnipotence'. Bakasana - Elbow balancing pose. Sanskrit is an exquisite language from ancient India whose beauty and design set it apart from ordinary language. As per Yogic scriptures the practice of Yoga leads to the union of individual consciousness with that of the Universal Consciousness, indicating a perfect harmony between the mind and body, Man & Nature. In honor of YJ's 40th anniversary, we chose 40 common and important Sanskrit words to know. 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Search the Sanskrit Roots: Start to type any of the Sanskrit Roots or their definitions for example “ram” as a root or “run” as a definition. If you buy from the links on our site, we may receive an affiliate commission, which in turn supports our work. yoni, Mahabharata (“Great Bharata”): one of India’s two great ancient epics telling of the great war between the Pandavas and the Kauravas and serving as a repository for many spiritual and moral teachings, Mahatma (from maha-atman, “great self”): an honorific title (meaning something like “a great soul”) bestowed on particularly meritorious individuals, such as Gandhi, Maithuna (“twinning”): the Tantric sexual ritual in which the participants view each other as Shiva and Shakti respectively, Manas (“mind”): the lower mind, which is bound to the senses and yields information (vijnana) rather than wisdom (jnana, vidya); cf. Giberish that you don’t recognise “to join you practice yoga, you must study its root language © Pocket. 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