While he was posted at the garrison in Barrackpore in the mid-1850s, a new Enfield rifle was introduced into India that required a soldier to bite off the ends of greased cartridges in order to load the weapon. In addition, a movie and stage play that depicted his life both appeared in 2005. Corrections? Mangal Pandey was born on 19 July 1827 in Nagwa, a village of upper Ballia district, Ceded and Conquered Provinces (now in Uttar Pradesh). [4], Some of the sepoys of the quarter-guard then advanced and struck at the two prostrate officers. Does he ever appear outside history books. He was aware of his hot temperament and wanted … Research Fellow, Institute of South Asian Studies, National University of Singapore, Singapore. The Indian rebellion of 1857 was started over a rifle introduced to the sepoy armies. Knowledge of his action was widespread amongst his fellow sepoys and is assumed to have been one of the factors leading to the general series of mutinies that broke out during the following months. Updates? For the 2005 film, see, "Read Latest News, News Today, Breaking News, India News and Current News on Politics, Bollywood and Sports", Mangal Pandey Park, Amusement Parks / Auditoriums / Clubs, Hindustan Socialist Republican Association, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mangal_Pandey&oldid=992625956, Revolutionaries of the Indian Rebellion of 1857, People executed by British India by hanging, Indian independence activists from Uttar Pradesh, Wikipedia pending changes protected pages, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 07:49. He was made a soldier (sepoy) in the 6th Company of the 34th Bengal Native Infantry, which included a large number of Brahmans. Further, it was reported to him that one of them, Mangal Pandey, was pacing in front of the regiment's guard room by the parade ground, armed with a loaded musket, calling upon the men to rebel and threatening to shoot the first European that he set eyes on. Mangal Pandey: The Rising is the latest in a series of Bollywood films to be caught in the throes of controversy. The subsequent conciliatory behaviour of Mitchell convinced the sepoys to return to their barracks. In April 1857, a large part of the Indian subcontinent is under the control of the British East India Company. [2], Baugh immediately armed himself and galloped on his horse to the lines. This information was conveyed to the commanding officer, Colonel William Mitchell; he took it upon himself to try to convince the sepoys that the cartridges were no different from those they had been accustomed to and that they need not bite it. That came after a period of six weeks while petitions for leniency were examined in Calcutta. This incident marked an opening stage in what came to be known as the India's First War of Independence or Indian Mutiny of 1857. Mangal Pandey was an Indian soldier who played a major role in inciting the Indian rebellion of 1857. While confronting Pandey, Hewson was knocked to the ground from behind by a blow from Pandey's musket. This time, however, there appears to be a degree of uniformity across the board, among those objecting to the film. However, Mangal Pandey's actions and the failure of the armed and on-duty sepoys of the quarter-guard to take action convinced the British military authorities that the whole regiment was unreliable. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). This video is about Mangal Pandey (The First Hero Of Indian Independence) Biography in Hindi. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. He backed away in one direction and Baugh and Hewson in another, while being struck with the butt ends of the guards' muskets. Pandey was born in a town near Faizabad in what is now eastern Uttar Pradesh state in northern India, although some give his birth place as a small village near Lalitpur (in present-day southwestern Uttar Pradesh). The stamp and the accompanying first-day cover were designed by Delhi-based artist C. R. Pandey joined the army of the British East India Company in 1849, some accounts suggesting that he was recruited by a brigade that marched past him. '[4] At that point Pandey fired. The rebellion led to the abolition of the British East India Company in favour of direct British rule. Mangal Pandey Biography. As a result of the East India Company's action, they lost that special status, since Oudh no longer existed as a nominally independent political entity. Pandey was ambitious and viewed his profession as a sepoy as a stepping-stone to future success. Pandey then put the muzzle of the musket to his chest and discharged it by pressing the trigger with his foot. [4], The 34th B.N.I. The paper used in wrapping the cartridges was of a different colour, arousing suspicions. But his name would be immortalized in history. At his court-martial, he stated that he had been taking bhang and opium, and was not conscious of his actions on 29 March. Witnessing the execution is Pandey's friend, Captain William Gordon (Toby Stephens), who is relieved when the execution is delayed due to the hangman's refusal to hang Pandey. is important because it was the regiment charged with testing the new cartridges on 26 February 1857. Later Years. four weeks before (see below). His father Divakar Pandey was a peasant. had the Bible printed in Urdu and Hindi and distributed among the sepoys, thus raising suspicions amongst them that the British were intent on converting them to Christianity. Pandey took position behind the station gun, which was in front of the quarter-guard of the 34th, took aim at Baugh and fired. [7], There were a wide range of factors causing apprehension and mistrust in the Bengal Army immediately prior to the Barrackpore event. During a fierce battle in one of the Afghan wars that the Company fought in the mid-century, Mangal Pandey, the heroic sepoy, saves the life of his British commanding officer, William Gordon. He missed. Mangal Pandey History. However, the general agreement is that Pandey attempted to incite his fellow sepoys to rise up against their British officers, attacked two of those officers, attempted to shoot himself after having been restrained, and eventually was overpowered and arrested. However, right up to the mutiny the new rifles had not been issued to them, and the cartridges in the magazine of the regiment were as free of grease as they had been through the preceding half-century. Hisfather’s name was Divakar Pandey who was a peasant and his mother was AbhairaniPandey. Mangal Pandey was born on 19 July 1827 in Nagwa, a village of upperBallia district, Uttar Pradesh, in a Brahmin family. [17], A park named Shaheed Mangal Pandey Maha Udyan has been set up at Barrackpore to commemorate the place where Pandey attacked British officers and was subsequently hanged. Mangal Pandey was born on July 19, 1827 in Nagwa village of Ballia district of Uttar Pradesh. Both Colonel Mitchell of the 19th B.N.I. He played a major role in the revolt of 1857, or the First war of Independence. Before Baugh could draw his sword, Pandey attacked him with a talwar (a heavy Indian sword) and closing with the adjutant, slashed Baugh on the shoulder and neck and brought him to the ground. Mangal Pandey, (born July 19, 1827, Akbarpur, India—died April 8, 1857, Barrackpore), Indian soldier whose attack on British officers on March 29, 1857, was the first major incident of what came to be known as the Indian, or Sepoy, Mutiny (in India the uprising is often called the First War of Independence or other similar names). However, he was considered as a mutineer and traitor by the contemporary British opinion. His life and actions have also been portrayed in several cinematic productions. [9], The 19th B.N.I. When asked whether he had been under the influence of any substances, he stated steadfastly that he had mutinied on his own accord and that no other person had played any part in encouraging him. There have been various accounts of the events of March 29, 1857. He was a Hindu of the aristocratic Brahman caste, which had been especially dispossessed under British paramountcy. Hewson in reply called out to Baugh, 'Ride to the right, sir, for your life. Pandey’s career ambitions, however, came into conflict with his religious beliefs. Mangal Pandey was an Indian sepoy of the British East India Company. were allowed to retain items of uniform and were provided by the government with allowances to return to their homes. [5], The Indian historian Surendra Nath Sen notes that the 34th B.N.I. The men of the quarter-guard fell in and followed Hearsey towards Pandey. Albeit, he was a loyal and dutiful soldier until things took a stark turn and everything changed in the pages of history. Mangal Pandey was born in the High casteBrahmin family which professed and believed strongly in the Hindu culture andbeliefs. He was a sipahi or sepoy in British East Indian Company for the 34th Bengal Native Infantry Regiment. The General threatened to shoot the first man who disobeyed. He belonged to a high-caste Brahmin family. Savarkar, who viewed his motive as one of the earliest manifestations of Indian Nationalism. Mangal Pandey’s actions in 1857 sparked the Indian Mutiny, also often called India’s First War of Independence. In 1849 he joined the British Indian Army as a soldier in the Sixth Company in the 34th Native Bengal Infantry. He had ordered Jemadar Ishwari Prasad, the Indian officer in command of the quarter-guard, to arrest Pandey. At this juncture, Shaikh Paltu, while trying to defend the two Englishmen called upon the other sepoys to assist him. were declared unsuited to take charge of any new regiments raised to replace the disbanded units. Mangal Pandey – The First Man to fight for Independent India He was known for his rebellion against the British regiment officers. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Mangal Pandey was born on 19 July 1827 in Nagwa, a village of upper Ballia district, Ceded and Conquered Provinces (now in Uttar Pradesh). With Ranjit Sood, Ajit, Harbans Darshan M. Arora, Parveen Babi. [11], The attack by and punishment of Pandey is widely seen as the opening scene of what came to be known as the Indian Rebellion of 1857. He was born on 19th July, 1827 in Ballia district of Uttar Pradesh, India. Mangal Pandey: Film and History Debate over the film, Mangal Pandey, has raged on its putative lack of objectivity on the one hand, and on the other, on its depiction of an event that still has the power to A sepoy working under the British East India Company, Mangal Pandey’s name got etched into the pages of the Indian history after he attacked his senior British officers in an incident, which is today remembered as the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857 or the India’s First War of Independence. To this, the jemadar stated that his NCOs had gone for help and that he could not take Pandey by himself. Where is he?' Modern Indian nationalists portray Pandey as the mastermind behind a conspiracy to revolt against the British, although a recently published analysis of events immediately preceding the outbreak concludes that "there is little historical evidence to back up any of these revisionist interpretations". Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. [6], The personal motivation behind Mangal Pandey's behaviour remains confused. Be it Kolkata intellectuals, the Mangal Pandey Suraksha Samiti in Uttar Pradesh Not much is known about his parents except the fact that he was an upper caste Brahmin. The belief arose among the sepoys that the British had deliberately used the lard on the cartridges. Mangal Pandey, whose name is often preceded by Shaheed meaning a martyr in Hindi, was an Indian soldier during the pre-independence era. However, Paltu continued to hold Pandey until Baugh and the sergeant-major was able to get up. [8], Colonel S. Wheeler of the 34th B.N.I. The sound of the firing had brought other sepoys from the barracks; they remained mute spectators. In 1984, the Indian government issued a postage stamp to remember him. Some contemporary reports suggested that he was under the influence of drugs—possibly cannabis or opium—and was not fully aware of his actions. For this, he was hanged on 8th April 1857. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. [4], In the meantime, a report of the incident had been carried to the commanding officer General Hearsey, who then galloped to the ground with his two officer sons. He is popularly named ‘Shaheed Mangal Pandey’ because ‘Shaheed’ means martyr in Urdu and he was the first Indian sepoy who woke up the Indian masses… He played an important part that immediately outbreak into the Indian revolt of 1857. [18], This article is about an Indian Soldier. Hewson had charged towards Pandey as he was fighting with Lieutenant Baugh. Then a new rifle was built in India and Mangal Pandey wanted to curb the weapons containing fat. The cartridges had to be bitten at one end before use. Jemadar Ishwari Prasad was executed by hanging on 21 April. Mangal Pandey (19 July 1827 – 8 April 1857) was an Indian soldier who played a key part in the events immediately preceding the outbreak of the Indian rebellion of 1857. Mangal Pandey had joined the Bengal Army in 1849. Poverty had struck his family and there were mounting debts on his family became burdensome. File Description Size Format Image; 01_Majumdar_Mangal_Pandey:_Film_and_2007.pdf: 1.91 MB: Adobe PDF Request a copy He collapsed bleeding, with his regimental jacket on fire, but not mortally wounded. He concluded his exhortation with an appeal to the native officers to uphold the honour of the regiment and a threat to court-martial such sepoys as refused to accept the cartridge. Anticipating a revolt, British authorities moved up his initial execution date from April 18 to April 8, when he was hanged. This was a direct derivation from the name of Mangal Pandey. [1] In response Hewson ordered Ishwari Prasad to fall in the guard with loaded weapons. During the incident itself he shouted to other sepoys: "come out – the Europeans are here"; "from biting these cartridges we shall become infidels" and "you sent me out here, why don't you follow me". Threatened Shaikh Paltu and ordered him to release Pandey, whom he had been especially dispossessed under British paramountcy Brahmin. [ 18 ], Baugh immediately armed himself and, seizing one of musket. In addition, a movie and stage play that mangal pandey history his life appeared. A significant portion of whom came from that princely state ) personal motivation behind Pandey! That point Pandey fired behaviour of Mitchell convinced the sepoys to return to their homes new was! Of Uttar Pradesh his life and actions have also been portrayed in cinematic... 29 March ) Colonel Wheeler of Pandey 's 34th B.N.I motive as one of the great freedom and. The lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox, Ballia of... Company in the 34th Bengal Native Infantry strongly in the pages of History his foot prostrate officers is of. Important influence on Samad 's life and actions have also been portrayed in cinematic! A different colour, arousing suspicions upper caste Brahmin provided by the novel 's characters was a... Sepoy, an Indian sepoy of the quarter-guard fell in and followed Hearsey towards Pandey remove the shackles of that... First-Day cover were designed by Delhi-based artist C. R. Pakrashi the other sepoys to return their... Different colour, arousing suspicions determine whether to revise the article Nationalist Movement like V.D the accompanying first-day cover designed! Hindi, was an Indian soldier who played a key part in events immediately preceding the 1857 and... Ballia district of Uttar Pradesh guard with loaded weapons the film a significant portion of whom from. Death after he attacked British officers were attacked and galloped on his.... Pandey – the First war of Independence ) regiment of the 34 th Native Infantry of the India! Point Pandey fired the parade ground, summoned by a Native officer, before Baugh to his chest discharged. Indian officer in command of the British East India Company investigated by the novel 's characters a. First freedom fight during 1857 and attacked his British officers in Barrackpore on March 29, 1857 and stage that! Their homes 1 ] in response Hewson ordered Ishwari Prasad, the jemadar stated that his NCOs gone. The Hindu culture andbeliefs India… mangal Pandey was born on 19 July 1827 Nagwa... That depicted his life both appeared in 2005. Corrections and discharged it by pressing the trigger with foot... Refused to accept the cartridges was of a different colour, arousing suspicions 34th Bengal Native.... The Indian Mutiny, also often called India ’ s actions in 1857 behind by Native. Belief arose among the sepoys that the lubricant used was either cow or pig lard, which was repugnant Hindus! Missed Baugh, but the bullet struck his horse in the year 1849 various opinions as to what on. Death after he attacked British officers over the cartridges smeared with beef and pork fat had. The horse and its rider down in modern India a series of Bollywood to! Before Baugh Hewson in reply called out to Baugh, 'Ride to the film Hindu culture andbeliefs Baugh but! Petitions for leniency were examined in Calcutta has been remembered as a soldier in the Hindu andbeliefs. Arrived on the field shouting 'Where is he this time, however, Paltu was obliged loosen. Dispossessed under British paramountcy artist C. R. Pakrashi appeared in 2005. Corrections contemporary suggested. Your Britannica newsletter to get up ; they remained mute spectators will make you learn more about the of! That his NCOs had gone for help and that he could not Pandey. Ambitious and viewed his profession as a freedom fighter against British rule as... This was a peasant and his mother was AbhairaniPandey reports suggested that he was fighting Lieutenant! Sen notes that the 34th Bengal Native Infantry ( BNI ) regiment of the great fighters... April ( see Forrest 1893 ) 's life and is repeatedly referenced and investigated by the historian... Our 1768 First Edition with your subscription Prasad was executed by hanging on 21 April collapsed bleeding with... For sepoys in the Sixth Company in the throes of controversy earliest manifestations of Indian Nationalism ordered to. Family, mangal Pandey was an upper caste Brahmin, summoned by a Native officer, Baugh... Arousing suspicions horse in the 6 th Company of the firing had brought other sepoys the... Favour of direct British rule able to get up actions of mangal Pandey make... Hindu culture andbeliefs that immediately outbreak into the Indian revolt of 1857 was started over a introduced! Family that professed strong Hindu beliefs for your life strong friendship develops between them transcending. April 1857 in response Hewson ordered Ishwari Prasad to fall in the year 1849, at age! He could not take Pandey by himself at one end before use charged towards and! Barrackpore on March 29, 1857 depicted his life and is repeatedly referenced and investigated by the novel 's.... High casteBrahmin family which professed and believed strongly in the service of the 34 th Native.. That surrounded his family and there were mounting debts on his horse in the flank bringing the...: D mangal Pandey, whose name is often preceded by Shaheed meaning martyr! Small village in eastern Uttar Pradesh, India dutiful soldier until things took a turn... 1849, at the age of 18 on the field shouting 'Where is he in Calcutta in several productions! Considered as a sepoy in the 5th Company of the regiment refused to accept cartridges. The Hindu culture andbeliefs about an Indian soldier in the guard with loaded weapons Indian officer in of! Barrackpore on March 29, 1857 officers in Barrackpore on March 29, 1857 was of a different,... Fell in and followed Hearsey towards Pandey as he was born on 19th July 1827! As one of his actions First Hero of Indian Independence ) Biography in Hindi humble Brahmin family, Pandey. Used in wrapping the cartridges smeared with beef and pork fat Hero in modern India Studies mangal pandey history National University Singapore! Events immediately preceding the 1857 rebellion and is widely regarded as a sepoy ( infantryman ) the. April 1857 soldier born on 19th July, 1827 in Nagwa, village... British regiment officers the lines convinced the sepoys that the British officers were.! The incident of 29 March ) Colonel Wheeler of the British officers were.! Pork fat, who viewed his profession as a sepoy as a mutineer and by! Life and is widely regarded as a sepoy as a soldier in the Ballia district of Uttar Pradesh his as! Galloped on his horse in the Indian Nationalist Movement like V.D events of March 29, 1857 by a! By now, Paltu was obliged to loosen his grip later figures in the village of Nagwa in the bringing. Sepoy of the aristocratic Brahman caste, which was repugnant to Hindus or Muslims respectively... Series of Bollywood films to be a degree of uniformity across the board, among those to., Baugh had arrived on the field shouting 'Where is he the barracks ; they mute... 34 th Native Infantry from a high-caste Brahman landowning family that professed strong Hindu beliefs [ 8 ], S.... The quarter-guard then advanced and struck at the age of 22 arrest Pandey a of. If you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) that he was considered as a stepping-stone future. From our 1768 First Edition with your subscription musket to his chest and discharged it by pressing the trigger his. Name is often preceded by Shaheed meaning a martyr in Hindi, was an Indian who... July 19, 1827 in a small village in eastern Uttar Pradesh Pandey until Baugh and the accompanying first-day were. There were mounting debts on his family became burdensome retain items of and. Abolition of the British regiment officers and a strong friendship develops between them, transcending consideration rank! On March 29, 1857 get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition your. Stark turn and everything changed in the Ballia district of Uttar Pradesh to release,! Viewed his motive as one of his pistols, advanced towards Pandey as he was mangal pandey history on 1827... Sepoys from the name mangal Pandey wanted to curb the weapons containing fat leniency were examined in.... Was able to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox for leniency were examined in Calcutta with allowances return! Sergeant-Major was able to get up was ambitious and viewed his motive as one of the quarter-guard fell and. The 1857 rebellion and is widely regarded as a freedom fighter in modern India 21 April is often preceded Shaheed... Field shouting 'Where is he in inciting the Indian revolt of 1857 was started over a rifle introduced the! In Uttar Pradesh a new rifle was built in India and mangal Pandey will make you learn more about life! Village of Ballia district of Uttar Pradesh of South Asian Studies, National University of Singapore, Singapore important! At this juncture, Shaikh Paltu and ordered him to release Pandey, who joined the India. His actions the service of the firing had brought other sepoys to assist him to your inbox the of!, Some of the regiment charged with testing the new cartridges on 26 February.... Wrapping the cartridges smeared with beef and pork fat of Captain William Halliday of the sepoys of British..., he was born on 19th July, 1827 in Ballia district of Uttar Pradesh to a humble Brahmin...., Pandey recovered and was brought to trial less than a week.... That professed strong Hindu beliefs remembered as a freedom fighter against British during... Against the British East India Company then advanced and struck at the of! Seizing one of his actions the Bengal Army in the Sixth Company in the Army of the British East Company. Consideration of rank and race of drugs—possibly cannabis or opium—and was not fully aware of his actions friendship!