The Sacramento and San Joaquin river systems drain their respective valleys and meet to form the Sacramento–San Joaquin River Delta, a large expanse of interconnected canals, stream beds, sloughs, marshes, and peat islands. There are large blocks of desert scrubland in the southern San Joaquin Valley and in the Carrizo Plain, which is just outside the valley but has a similar landscape. Most of the grassland has been overtaken by new species, most of the vernal pools have been destroyed with only those on the higher slopes remaining, the marshland has been drained, and the riverbank woodlands have nearly all been affected. Subregions and their counties commonly associated with the valley include: The largest are former military bases converted to civilian airports, An active military air base is at Naval Air Station Lemoore in Kings County and the 144th Fighter Wing is stationed at Fresno Air National Guard Base in Fresno County. The Central Valley is also home to many west coast bands from Bakersfield, Modesto, Stockton, and Fresno to as far as Sacramento bands. The largest city is Fresno followed by the state capital Sacramento. Summary. Accidents caused by the tule fog are the leading cause of weather-related casualties in California. The Sacramento River, along with its tributaries the Feather River and American River, flows southwards through the Sacramento Valley for about 719 kilometres (447 mi). three times more populated than the next most populated city, San Diego. It was intended to serve smaller farmers, with a 160-acre maximum size limit. The dominant grass of the valley was Nassella pulchra mixed with other species, but today only 1% of the grassland in the valley is original and intact. The valley was enclosed by the uplift of the Coast Ranges, with its original outlet into Monterey Bay. Population, Census, April 1, 2010. Central Coast, California detailed profile. It is approx. The valley encompasses all or parts of 19 California counties: Butte, Colusa, Glenn, Fresno, Kern, Kings, Madera, Merced, Placer, San Joaquin, Sacramento, Shasta, Solano, Stanislaus, Sutter, Tehama, Tulare, Yolo, and Yuba.[6]. For other uses, see, Flat valley that dominates central California, Topography, major regions, and cities of the Central Valley. The California State University system has four campuses in the region. [34], Runoff from the Sacramento and San Joaquin Rivers is intercepted in the delta by the state Department of Water Resources through a series of massive pumps, which divert water into the California Aqueduct that runs south along the entire length of the San Joaquin Valley. The Central Valley is known for many famous musicians from country, R&B, and doo-wop to jazz and funk artist such as: Buck Owens, Korn, Merle Haggard, Chris Isaak, Billy Mize, Red Simpson, The Maddox Brothers and Rose, The Paradons, The Colts and the Sons of the San Joaquin. The Great Flood of 1862 was the worst flood that the Central Valley has experienced in recorded history, flooding most of the valley and putting some places as much as 20 feet under water. Earthquake activity: Central Coast-area historical earthquake activity is near California state average. Variations on significant/influential definitions of the term central California are collected in this section. Central Valley is a city located in Utah.With a 2020 population of 576, it is the 178th largest city in Utah and the 12714th largest city in the United States. Occasionally Valley Fever is life-threatening and even fatal. The aqueduct runs from Clifton Court Forebay in the Delta southwards across the Transverse Ranges. Agriculture, the creation of grazing land, and the draining of lakes and rivers have radically altered the habitats of the Valley. The Feather River in the Sacramento Valley was looked to as a water source, leading to public financing of the California State Water Project. 37,253,956. The valley gives its name to Valley fever, which is primarily a disease of the lungs that is common in the southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico. The Central Valley was once home to large populations of pronghorn antelope (Antilocapra americana), elk including the endemic tule elk subspecies (Cervus elaphus nannodes), mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus), California ground squirrels, gophers, mice, hare, rabbits and kangaroo rats, along with their predators including the San Joaquin kit fox, which is now an endangered subspecies surviving on the hillsides of the San Joaquin Valley. Population, percent change - April 1, 2010 (estimates base) to July 1, 2019, (V2019) 6.1%. California State University, Monterey Bay opened on the site of the former Fort Ord army base in 1994. The San Joaquin Fault is a notable seismic feature of the Central Valley. Tule fog /ˈtuːliː/ is a thick ground fog that settles along the length of the Great Central Valley. Tule fog forms during the late fall and winter (California's rainy season), after the first significant rainfall. Frost occurs at times in the fall months, but snow is extremely rare.[14]. There are areas of wetland and riverside woodland in the north especially on the Sacramento River system including the Nature Conservancy's Cosumnes River Preserve just south of Sacramento, Gray Lodge Wildlife Area, Butte Sink Wildlife Management Area, and other patches in the delta area. ©Kim Valverde/USFWS. For example, the Central Valley Project was formed in 1935 to redistribute and store water for agricultural and municipal purposes with dams and canals. Figure 3 compares the population change from 2010 to 2018 and we can see Central Shasta shows a decline of 336 (3%). Custom range. [39] Historically, bald eagles were widespread and abundant in California, but no historical information exists on population size. Central California as defined above includes the following 16 counties: Area cities and towns listed below are major regional centers or county seats. In 2017, the median age of Central American immigrants was about 40 years, compared to 45 and 36 years for the foreign- and native-born groups, respectively. Total Population by Place#11. [6], The Central Valley is one of the world's most productive agricultural regions. That leaves the most accepted definitions of central California to the areas south of there. Early farming was concentrated close to the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta, where the water table was high year round and water transport more readily available, but subsequent irrigation projects have brought many more parts of the valley into productive use. QuickFacts El Centro city, California. The wetlands of the Valley were an important habitat for wintering waterbirds and migrating birds of other kinds. The least populous of the compared places has a population of 121,320. Traffic passes through a large, historical yard in Roseville before heading north to Oregon or east to Nevada. It includes the northern portion of the San Joaquin Valley (which itself is the southern portion of the Central Valley, beginning at the Sacramento–San Joaquin River Delta), part of the Central Coast, the central hills of the California Coast Ranges and the foothills and mountain areas of the central Sierra Nevada. Westbound routes out of the valley are California State Route 166, California State Route 46, California State Route 152, Interstate 580, and Interstate 80. All these patches of natural habitat are disconnected and this is particularly damaging for wildlife that is used to migrating along the rivers of the valley. Central California can have widely varying definitions depending on the context. Riverside trees include willows, western sycamore (Platanus racemosa), box elder (Acer negundo), Fremont cottonwood (Populus fremontii), and the endemic valley oak (Quercus lobata). By some measures, the Central Valley outperformed the Bay Area and Southern California in 2018, according to state population and economic figures. Population. University of California, Merced opened on a newly constructed site on the east side of Merced in 2005. Along the coast north of the Tehachapi Mountains, the population becomes sparser, though the central coastal region has grown rapidly since the 1990s. California State University, Stanislaus in Turlock opened in 1957. Competition for water resources is growing throughout California, particularly in the Central Valley. The one notable exception to the flat valley floor is Sutter Buttes, the remnants of an extinct volcano just to the northwest of Yuba City, which is 44 miles (71 km) north of Sacramento. There are 12 Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSA) and 1 Micropolitan Statistical Area (μSA) in the Central Valley. Regional airline service is also available at Modesto City-County Airport, Merced Municipal Airport and Visalia Municipal Airport. Other counties in the valley that face flooding often are Yuba, Stanislaus, and San Joaquin. It is 695% greater than the overall U.S. average. [32] As a result, many large dams, including Shasta Dam, Oroville Dam, Folsom Dam, New Melones Dam, Don Pedro Dam, Friant Dam, Pine Flat Dam and Isabella Dam, were constructed on rivers entering the Central Valley, many part of the Central Valley Project. Below, they are listed by MSA and μSA population. FULL REPORT READ IN SPANISH SHARE. A fresh batch of new chicks has brought the population of endangered condors in central California to more than 100 individuals for the first time in decades. The Union Pacific Railroad Martinez Subdivision runs from Port Chicago through Martinez, Richmond and Emeryville to Oakland. Some definitions include more of the San Joaquin Valley and even larger portions of the Central Valley. About 7.2 million people live in the Central Valley today, and it is the fastest growing region in California. This page was last edited on 8 December 2020, at 16:38. The federal (Central Valley Project) includes numerous facilities between Shasta Dam in the north and Bakersfield in the south. Central California is considered to be west of the crest of the Sierra Nevada. Census data for Los Angeles County (South Central)--LA City (South Central/Watts) PUMA, CA (pop. The following counties are self-described as being in central California or central within California: The following are definitions by influential organizations: Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}37°N 120°W / 37°N 120°W / 37; -120, Central California is most commonly identified with 10 counties in the southeast part of Northern California, California State University, Monterey Bay, Monterey Institute of International Studies, "Madera County Economic Development Commission", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Central_California&oldid=993064987, Pages using infobox settlement with possible area code list, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2013, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Oakhurst Community College Center in Oakhurst, Madera County. But to enable this, water control was needed to prevent rivers from overflowing during the spring snowmelt while drying up in the summer and autumn. In 2003, it was determined that Sacramento had both the least protection against and nearly the highest risk of flooding. The northern half of the Central Valley receives greater precipitation than the semidesert southern half. GEOGRAPHY: The Central Valley is a lowland region that extends through central California from the Cascade Mountains in the north to the Tehachapi Mountains in the south. He's Back! The Monterey Institute of International Studies is a graduate school of Middlebury College. The state water project's Oroville Dam in the Sacramento Valley provides water and power for the California Aqueduct in the San Joaquin Valley. The oak woodlands and chaparral that fringe the valley have been categorized as the California interior chaparral and woodlands ecoregion. It covers approximately 18,000 square miles (47,000 km2),[1] about 11% of California's total land area (or about the size of the Dominican Republic). Population and Demographics by State Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana The Central Valley lies within the California Trough physiographic section, which is part of the larger Pacific Border province, which in turn is part of the Pacific Mountain System. [44], Virtually all non-tropical crops are grown in the Central Valley, which is the primary source for a number of food products throughout the United States, including tomatoes, almonds, grapes, cotton, apricots, and asparagus. Since 1980, the Central Valley's population has nearly doubled to 3.8 million people. The valley is thought to have originated below sea level as an offshore area depressed by subduction of the Farallon Plate into a trench further offshore. Faulting moved the Coast Ranges, and a new outlet developed near what is now San Francisco Bay. Two major river systems drain and define the two parts of the Central Valley. [4] The valley also has many major cities, including the state capital Sacramento; as well as Redding, Chico, Stockton, Modesto, Fresno, Visalia, and Bakersfield. The flatness of the valley floor contrasts with the rugged hills or gentle mountains that are typical of most of California's terrain. It includes the northern portion of the San Joaquin Valley (which itself is the southern portion of the Central Valley, beginning at the Sacramento–San Joaquin River Delta), part of the Central Coast, the central hills of the California Coast Ranges and the foothills and mountain areas of the central Sierra Nevada. The Central Valley has been home to many country, funk, jazz, soul, nu metal, and doo-wop musicians. The Valley has many influences in American music mainly through the "Bakersfield Sound", the "Doowop Era" of the 1950s and 1960s, through the R&B music scene of the 1980s and also through the Bakersfield rap music scene often referred to as underground hip hop, Central California hip hop, West Coast hip hop, or Central Valley hip hop. They could drain there again naturally if they were ever to rise high enough. California State University, Fresno opened in 1911. The following community college campus sites are in the region:[1]. [49] The even larger California State Water Project was formed in the 1950s and construction continued throughout the following decades. Freight rail is served by commercial railroads. The major ones west out of the valley are Interstate 580, State Route 152 and State Route 46, over the Diablo Range. Other routes east over the Sierra Nevada include California State Route 178, California State Route 41 to California State Route 120 via Yosemite National Park, California State Route 88, and US Route 50. As of 1 January 2018, the population of California was estimated to be 39,776,830. Interstate 5 and State Route 99 are the primary highways in the San Joaquin Valley. Latinos are disproportionately impacted by the coronavirus in the Central Valley region, as they are statewide — comprising 38.9% of California's population but … The official time frame for tule fog to form is from November 1 to March 31. The Central Valley (also called the Great Central Valley) is a very large valley in the middle of California, in the United States.About 42,000 square miles (108,779 square kilometers) in size, it is about the size of the state of Tennessee.It consists of two connected, differently named valleys, the Sacramento Valley and the San Joaquin Valley. Highways Interstate 5 and CA 99 run, roughly parallel, north–south through the valley, meeting at only its south end. [30] Combined with the fertile and expansive area of the Central Valley's floor, the Central Valley is ideal for agriculture. The Central Valley watershed comprises 60,000 square miles (160,000 km2), or over a third of California. Other routes include California State Route 33, California State Route 198, California State Route 4, California State Route 130, and other smaller back roads and trails. POPULATION: 6.5 million. [36] Cities of the San Francisco Bay Area, also needing great amounts of water, built aqueducts from the Mokelumne River and Tuolumne River that run east to west across the middle part of the Central Valley.[37][38]. [40], Agriculture is the primary industry in most of the Central Valley. [9][10], The "Central Valley grassland" is the Nearctic temperate and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrub lands ecoregion that was once a diverse grassland containing areas of desert grassland (at the southern end), prairie, savanna, riverside woodland, marsh, several types of seasonal vernal pools, and large lakes such as now-dry Tulare Lake (which was the largest freshwater lake in the United States west of the Mississippi), Buena Vista Lake and Kern Lake. Population estimates base, April 1, 2010, (V2019) 37,254,519. There are no community colleges in Mariposa or San Benito Counties. Contaminants across the landscape posed a serious problem for bald eagles. It is California's most productive agricultural region and one of the most productive in the world, providing more than half of the fruits, vegetables, and nuts grown in the United States. The Sacramento River is the second largest river to empty into the Pacific from the Continental United States, behind only the Columbia River and greater than the Colorado River. For more information, see, The Columbia is the largest, with an average discharge of 265,000 cu ft/s (7,500 m, temperate and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrub lands, California interior chaparral and woodlands, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "California's Central Valley: Producing America's Fruits and Vegetables", "Federal Agencies Release Data Showing California Central Valley Idle Farmland Doubling During Drought", "A Statistical Tour of California's Great Central Valley", "California's Central Valley Finds Itself on the Political Map", "Physiographic divisions of the conterminous U. S.", National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, "Station Name: CA SACRAMENTO EXECUTIVE AP", "WMO Climate Normals for SACRAMENTO/EXECUTIVE ARPT CA 1961–1990", https://www.sacbee.com/news/databases/article5555742.html, "Station Name: CA FRESNO YOSEMITE INTL AP", "WMO Climate Normals for FRESNO/AIR TERMINAL CA 1961–1990", "Average Weather for Fresno, CA – Temperature and Precipitation", "Sacramento River Basin National Water Quality Assessment Program: Study Unit Description", "Restoring the San Joaquin River: Following an 18-year legal battle, a great California river once given up for dead is on the verge of a comeback", "Delta Subsidence in California: The sinking heart of the State", "Sacramento-San Joaquin River System, California", "The Central Valley Project: Introduction", "Ecosystem Restoration: Systemwide Central Valley Chinook Salmon", "California State Water Project Overview", "Goliath Recap: Nothing Here, Is What It Seems. 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